ECSA says that the agreement paves the way for a
European MRV system that will become operational as of 2018, applying to ships
above 5,000 tonnes arriving and departing from EU ports, regardless of their
flag and ownership, and adds that this should be a stepping stone towards a
global MRV instrument, which is currently being discussed at IMO.
Apart from data on CO2 emissions and distance
sailed, the negotiators agreed that the EU regulation will require ships to
report cargo-related information.
“Whilst the inclusion of cargo-related information allows the
measurement of energy efficiency of vessels, there are concerns regarding data
reliability and confidentiality as well as reporting responsibilities and obligations”,
said Patrick Verhoeven, secretary general, ECSA. “This explains why IMO
approaches the issue with great care.”
“As ECSA we would have preferred the inclusion of cargo-related data to
have simply been postponed until an agreement was reached at IMO. We do however
acknowledge that the negotiators took some of our concerns into account and
have strengthened provisions on international alignment. We will carefully
assess these changes as soon as the full text of the agreement becomes
available. We believe it is essential that industry is closely involved in any
further steps, for instance on defining the metrics of cargo data,” Mr
The International Chamber of Shipping (ISS) has
also expressed its disappointment and concern that the EU may pre-empt
negotiations taking place at IMO by unilaterally adopting a regional Regulation
on MRV of ships’ CO2 emissions, for formal adoption early next year.
ICS says while it supports the development of a
global data collection system by IMO, the imminent adoption of a regional EU
regime, which may not be compatible with whatever is agreed at IMO, will complicate
and perhaps jeopardise these “delicate” negotiations.
Agreement at IMO will require the support of non-EU
nations with which the vast majority of the global fleet is registered,
including developing countries such as China and India for whom additional CO2
regulations are a politically sensitive issue.
Although the draft EU Regulation, which will not be
fully implemented until 2018, contains text to the effect that the required
data which shipping will have to provide can be amended to reflect agreement at
IMO, ICS says it’s unclear whether the Commission will be willing to fully
realign the EU rules with the agreed international consensus.
that data on cargo carried by ships as required by the proposed EU Regulation
will need to be handled with particular sensitivity because of the suspicion
that this could lead to the development of a mandatory operational efficiency
index. This could be used by governments to impose financial penalties on ships,
regardless of their actual fuel consumption and CO2 emissions, with the risk of
a serious market distortion.
The agreement on
the EU MRV Regulation still needs formal endorsement from the European
Parliament and Council of Ministers. ECSA believes that this process will not
entail further changes to the specifics of the agreement and it is expected to
be finalised by January 2015.