The Climeport Approach
A successful methodology for knowledge and effective actions definition in global warming fighting.
Reducing greenhouse emissions of ports not only address global warming but also the promotion of innovation, implementation of energy efficiency and the improvement of the quality of life in the surrounding areas.
CLIMEPORT proposes the assessment of different methodologies in order to combat the global climate change. The project takes place in several countries of the Mediterranean area involving the largest ports in this area committed to tackling climate change. Thus, the cooperation among Mediterranean ports becomes a vital key for the logistic chain which is essential for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
Although emissions in ports areas are only a small fraction of total emissions that can be associated to the whole logistic chain in maritime transport (involving land transport to the ports, ports operation and sea transport), any reduction in emissions into the port area improves not only the local air quality and the reduction of noise but helps also the global climate effect in a synergetic way. In theses sense, Port Authorities have an important role involving the Port Community to be more respectful with the environment and to facilitate through initiatives the implementation of the best environmental practices and by using the available and innovative technologies to minimize the environmental impacts.
Additionally, any measures taken to improve the land side or the sea side of the logistic chain (improvements in trucks, railway and ships) will be reflected in the carbon footprint of the port area, so the ports can be a starting point to become a paradigm change in transnational goods transport.
All this aspects are compiled within the project which aim to develop and to implement solutions in order to improve the general climate conditions by undertaking actions in the maritime and inland transport through energy saving and efficiency, by implementing the world port climate declarations, by designing an environmental indicators system as footprint according to CO2 levels, etc. For these reasons CLIMEPORT puts forward several actions and initiatives to develop a diagnosis of the port influence in the climate change and the actions plans for the reduction of port activities' impact in the environment .
The added value of the Climeport project is that one project has involved 6 committed ports with Climate Change Mitigation such as the Port Authority of Valencia, acting as Leader of the project. Alongside other port authorities like Algeciras Bay, Marseille, Livorno, Kopper and Pireus, the project is also being supported by technological partners like the regional energy agencies AVEN and GOLEA, as well as the Energy Technology Institute (ITE), acting as technical coordinator. All these partners are committed to the objectives of the project and to a future with as many green ports as possible.
By committing to the world port climate declarations or by defining an integral environmental indicators system as footprint according to CO2 levels ports can join their forces to combat climate change. For that reason, one of the main objective of Climeport must be to evaluate the contribution of the ports including ships to the different environmental aspects which are involved in climate change and thus develop tools and best practices that can be widely used to mitigate, aligned with other initiatives launched as for example the WPCI and ESPO environmental codes and indicators.
For the diagnosis of the CLIMEPORT, four levels of data aggregation were applied:
- Level 1: The Port as a whole. It allows measuring and evaluating the global influence of the action plans, and the impact of the ports in the environment, as well as comparing it with other human activities and industries.
- Level 2: Port Activities. The port activities will have different responsible and different final objectives as economic activities. The consideration of the differences among port services like passengers transport, goods transport allows a comparison of the difference in size and configuration of ports on the basis of their energy use or resources use intensities, using relative size data (TEUs, passenger, Tons handled, number of ship calls...).
- Level 3: Services and processes. To carry on the activities, several processes with specific equipment and standard units are used (energy distribution, lightning, buildings heating, mooring of ships, etc.). Identical division within the same activity in different ports, focus on the action plans in services with a higher improvement potential
- Level 4: Equipment. The elements used to produce the different services. This division will allow the control of the performance of the different possible manufacturer/type of equipment for the same service, vehicle, crane, HVAC equipment, etc, in order to change or specify the most efficient or suitable.
Linking the diagnosis reached and the activity of the different service measurements, we obtain a set of indicators that allow us to benchmark the emissions for similar processes. Looking at the reasons for different performance and using also previous improvement obtained in the ports, we obtain an inventory of best practices, for which we know the cost and benefits in greenhouse emissions.
Until today we have identified 30 Best practices, each of them supported by the experience of several ports. These best practices will be the foundation of effective actions plans that will start by selecting the most interesting of them for the six ports together. Later more actions will be defined based initially on the best practices which suit the ports individually, but which are not selected for the totality and new actions with clear potential for climate change mitigation.
Rafael Company from the Port of Valencia
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